托福阅读解题思路和技巧 两种常见提问方式实例讲解
2018-12-06 15:53:37 来源:网易

托福阅读考试中题型众多,考生应对不同题型也需要掌握有针对性的解题思路和技巧。比如高频题型之一的细节题,看似只要范围原文找到对应内容将就可以解题,但实际上在出题方式上也是有不同变化的。下面小编就通过托福阅读细节题的真题实例来讲解应对技巧。

托福阅读细节题考点分析

在学习托福阅读细节题的解题思路之前,我们首先要了解细节题对于考生的能力考查到底在哪里。在小编看来,细节题考查的核心要点是大家在文章阅读过程中对于细节信息的敏感度以及考生准确返回原文定位到细节的能力,这种能力在考生以后研究生阶段学业中需要阅读大量文字类资料并准确寻找到其中关键性信息时会很有价值,因此细节题可以说就是针对考生是否具备这种能力而设置的题型。

托福阅读细节题两种常见提问方式实例讲解

托福阅读细节题从提问方式上主要可以分为两类,第一类难度较高,要求考生对问题的所有选项都进行返回原文查找的步骤从而得出正确答案。这类题目小编称为多选项返回定位题,比如以下这道题目就是如此:

Asia is the largest land mass on Earth. It contains one-third of the world’s land. Much of the land is uninhabited. But Asia holds more than 60% of the world’s people. It has 48 different countries, including China and India. They are the most populous countries in the world. Asia is also the birthplace of the world’s five major religions. They are Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, and Islam.

Which of the following is true of Asia?

A. It is the largest continent on Earth.

B. One-third of the world’s population lives there.

C. It takes up 60% of the world’s land mass

D. It is the home of 48 different religions.

可以看到这道题目本身并没有给出任何解题线索和关键词,考生需要把四个选项逐一返回原文核对查找以后,才能得出正确答案。这类题目之所以难度较高,就是因为它会消耗大家比较多的时间,本身考试时间不足答题节奏落后于原定进度的同学面对这类题目很容易因为心浮气躁,想要加速又加不了而出现错误。而且这类题目有个特点,那就是哪怕选项A就是正确选项,考生也会忍不住再去把其它选项也逐一核对确认一下再做出选择,这其实就是利用了考生患得患失的解题心理。以上题为例,A选项It is the largest continent on Earth.和文章第一句Asia is the largest land mass on Earth.其实就是一个意思,但哪怕考生心中已经比较有把握,也还是需要再看完其它选项才行。这样的题目相当消耗时间,大家如果遇到请务必注意时间分配方面的问题。

第二类细节题难度就比较低了,这类题目会给出明确的提示性线索和关键词,考生根据关键词直接返回原文就能找到对应题目的正确答案,在较短时间内就能做完。这类题目小编称为明确线索定位题,比如下面这道:

A routine vaudeville show usually began with a silly act, such as acrobats or trick bicyclists. This allow audience members to arrive late and find their seats. The show peaked in the middle with the “headliner”. This act was usually the best in the show. The show would conclude with a “chaser” act. This act was considered good enough to feature but dull enough to make audiences leave the theater.

According to paragraph 2, why did a vaudeville show usually start off with a silly act?

A. Because the audience needed time to arrive and find their seats.

B. Because the audience preferred to begin with silly acts.

C. Because silly acts got the audience ready for serious ones.

D. Because that was the only type of act the theater owner could find.

这道题目不仅给出了关键词线索a silly act,而直接给出了对应内容所在的段落位置,对于考生来说定位返回就变得相当简单了,考生只要带着问题读一下原文,找到答案以后再从选项中寻找出相应的内容就可以顺利解题。比如上面这道题问的是威慑呢么杂耍表演开场都要先来个silly act?考生从原文第二句This allow audience members to arrive late and find their seats.就可以直接找到答案,甚至不用读完整段内容就能获得自己需要的信息,接下来看到选项A也正好符合要求,那么答案一下子就能确定出来,整个解题过程不会超过30秒。